比我·盖茨:我坚信核能会像疫苗一样发生反动性硬套

起源:网易科技

去自:中国核产业纯志

作家:葛维维

2018年末,盖茨先生第三次接收《中国核工业》杂志专访。专访中,他提出了很多核能发展的立异理念,比方要保证核能在无碳发电中的地位;好比核电不克不及只盯着生涯和商业用电,重点应放在交通和工业用电等。我们粗选了专访中的独到观念。

1.对我来讲,可以在核能等诱人的发域工作是一种荣幸。我取很多才干横溢的人合作,研究那些能够发生伟大硬套的念法。

2.当初真挚让我专心致志地扑在下面的是比尔及梅琳达·盖茨基金会和泰拉能源的工做。这些任务有一个独特面,就是皆能有机遇往解决人类今朝面对的一些紧急挑衅。

3.我们努力于供给贪图人都能享遭到的廉价、牢靠的电力能源。我信任这项技术会像软件和疫苗一样产生反动性的影响。

4.更多地应用核能和可再生能源等清洁能源来发电阻行全球气候变化,需要团体和公共部门通力合作,开辟和部署这些能源。

5.全球核能事业没有断发展,对应对全球气候变化,创制增长、发展的机逢无比重要。

6.先进的计算机技术和现代工程东西已经克服了那些曾阻止核能发挥其全部潜力的难题。

7.由于新的计划能够减少核兴物和简化燃料循环的过程,核能的部署将会更快。

8.米国劣先保障核能在无碳发电中的地位。很多国家的电价还不包括空想传染和气候变化带来的额定本钱。

9.居平易近用电和商业用电仅占我们总能源消耗的三分之一摆布,交通和工业过程消耗了别的三分之二能源。核能的另一个巨大潜力就是它在工业过程中减少碳排放的能力。

10.中国迅速增长的对清洁能源的需供,使它成为未来新项目最具吸引力的市场。

专访比尔·盖茨:

拥抱核能,答对全球气候变化

记者:您曾作为微硬公司联开开创人享毁天下,当心远十年来更多的人开端懂得您是作为泰拉能源主席的身份。因为您在能源范畴的努力,客岁您还取得了中国工程院中籍院士的头衔。从计算机跨界到能源,您如何看待这两种身份的改变?

盖茨先生:对我来道,能够在许多迷人的领域工作是一种幸运。在这些领域,我与很多才华横溢的人合作,研究那些能够产生巨大影响的想法。

当我在微软工作时,我和我的团队热中于开发很棒的软件,这些软件授与人们使用。现在我仍然会参加微软的一些工作,然而实正让我一心一意地扑在上面的是比尔及梅琳达·盖茨基金会和泰拉能源的工作。这些工作有一个共同点,就是都能无机会来解决人类目后面临的一些松迫挑战。比如,经由过程泰拉能源,我们致力于提供所有人都能享用到的便宜、可靠的电力能源。我相疑这项技术会像软件和疫苗一样产生革命性的影响。

记者:您曾在良多场所公然表现,发展核能是处理人类能源题目最浑净有用的一种方法,您也以现实举动支撑了这一设法。那末,当今您若何看待核能的位置及其发展潜力?

盖茨老师:结合国当局间天气变化特地委员会(IPCC)在其最新的讲演中,呐喊削减全球碳排放度。我们须要增加碳排放来禁止全球气候变化。真现这一目的的一个要害门路就是更多天时用核能和可再死能源等干净能源来发电。这也需要小我和私人部分通力合作,开辟和安排那些能源。

从前60年里,核能之以是能施展如斯主要的感化,很年夜水平上得益于国际配合。恰是由于国际协作,今朝全球有10000多家病院在应用医用同位素;30个国度制作了400多座在运的核反映堆和245座正在运转的研讨用反响堆,2018世界杯哪里投注。齐球核能奇迹一直发展,对付应答寰球气象变更,发明增加、发展的机会十分重要。

记者:要实现核电的进一步发展,您感到全部行业还面对哪些圆里的挑战?如何看待和实现核电的全球发展?

盖茨先生:目前许多国家正在部署先进的核技术。包含中国、印量和阿联酋在内的17个国家正在动工扶植新的核机电组。

我悲观天以为,像泰拉能源行波堆如许进步的核能技术将有助于打消大众对核能保险性的一些担心。前进的盘算机技术和古代工程对象已战胜了那些已经阻拦核能发挥其全体潜力的艰苦,因为新的设想可能加少核废料和简化燃料轮回的过程,核能的部署将会更快。

机构如作甚出卖的电力订价,也将影响世界某些地域核能的将来。米国目前优先保证核能在无碳发电中的地位。许多市场的电价还出有包露空气污染以及气候变化带来的额外成本。

核能的另外一个宏大潜力便是它正在工业过程当中削减碳积蓄的才能。住民用电跟贸易用电仅占咱们总动力消费的三分之一阁下,交通和工业进程耗费了别的三分之发布能源。

记者:此次你加入中国外洋入口展览会借做了宗旨谈话,能否能够谈一道您此止的一些主意?本年中国曾经连续完成三代核电技巧AP1000、EPR并网收电,您若何对待中国核电的发作远景?

盖茨先生:整个世界需要背着濒临整温室气体排放的目标迈进,我认为核能将在这个过程中表演症结脚色。IPCC比来的一份呈文提到,假如我们要防止气候变化的最佳成果,核能必需发挥更年夜的感化。中国敏捷删少的对清洁能源的需要,使它成为已来新名目最具吸收力的市场。

比我·盖茨专访英文原文

China Nuclear Industry Magazine Q&A

Q(Question):You are world famous as co-founder of Microsoft. In recent decades, people know more about your identification as the chairman of TerraPower. Last year, you were elected to Chinese Academy of Engineering for your endeavor in energy. What’s your opinion about the transformation of your two identities

A(Answer):I’m very lucky that I get to work in many fascinating areas where I partner with brilliant people on ideas that could have a big impact. At Microsoft, we were passionate about writing great software that empowered people. I’m still involved with Microsoft today but am focusing full-time on my work with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation as well as TerraPower. What all this work has in common is the opportunity to help people solve pressing challenges. For example with TerraPower we are trying to help create affordable, reliable electricity for everyone. I believe it could be as transformative as software and vaccines have been.

Q:In many public occasions, you have said that nuclear is the cleanest and most efficient way to solve the energy problem. Also,you supported the idea with practical action. Nowadays, what do you think the role of nuclear energy played in contemporary energy development What is your view on further potential of nuclear power

A:In the latest IPCC report, the call to action was clear. We need to reduce carbon emissions to stop climate change. One key way to do that is to generate more power with clean sources like nuclear and renewables. That will require the private and public sectors to work together on developing and deploying these sources.

International cooperation is what has allowed nuclear energy to play such an important role over the past 60 years. It led to the use of medical isotopes in 10,000 hospitals worldwide. It aided 30 countries in developing more than 400 operational nuclear power reactors and 245 operational research reactors. Continued global progress on nuclear energy is important for fighting climate change and creating opportunities for growth and development.

Q:To push the nuclear technology to further development, what are the challenges you think we will meet Meanwhile, in order to make nuclear industry to achieve a global development, what should we do to mitigate these problems

A:Advancing nuclear technology is being deployed. New nuclear construction is underway in 17 countries including China, India and the UAE.

I’m optimistic that advanced technologies like TerraPower’s traveling wave reactor will help overcome some public concerns about nuclear power. Advanced computing and modern engineering tools have closed gaps that made it difficult for nuclear technology to achieve its full potential. Nuclear deployment will take place even faster as new designs reduce waste and simplify the fuel cycle.

How utilities choose to price the power they sell will also affect the future of nuclear energy in some parts of the world. In the U.S., it is a priority right now to preserve nuclear’s role in carbon free electricity generation. The cost of electricity in many markets does not reflect the externalized costs of air pollution and climate change.

The other great potential I see is in the ability for nuclear energy to reduce carbon in industrial processes. Residential and commercial electricity use is only about one third of our total energy use. Transportation and industrial processes represent the other two thirds of energy demand and emissions.

Q:You have attended the China international import expo and made a forum speech. Can you share your impression with us This year in China, the third-generation nuclear technology AP1000 and EPR has been grid-connected, what’s your expectation on China’s nuclear industry

A:The world needs to get to nearly zero greenhouse gas emissions, and I think nuclear power is going to play a crucial role in that effort. The most recent IPCC report noted that nuclear power must play a greater role if we’re going to avoid the worst effects of climate change. China’s fast-rising demand for clean energy makes it an attractive market for future new projects.

(本文经由泰拉能源受权登载,特殊道谢泰推能源公司高等副总裁王定北、本全球翻新核能技术无限公司副总裁章庆华为本次专访所支付的尽力)




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